Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights makes it possible to organize trade unions as a fundamental human right.  Point 2(a) of the International Labour Organisation`s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work defines “freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining” as an essential right of workers.  The 1948 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Association Convention (C087) and several other conventions explicitly protect collective bargaining by creating international labour standards that prevent countries from violating workers` right to engage in associations and collective bargaining.  Collective bargaining is the process by which workers negotiate, through their unions, contracts with their employers to define their terms and conditions of employment, including wages, social benefits, working hours, holidays, workplace health and safety policies, ways to reconcile work and family life and more. . . .