The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. Kit Malthouse was awarded as the organizer of an agreement between the Conservative Party`s limited factions on Brexit on 29 January 2019.  The proposal consisted of two parts. Plan A was the re-opening of the withdrawal agreement with the EU and the renegotiation of the backstop. Britain`s transition period would also be extended, giving more time to agree on future relations. Plan B looked like a managed “no deal.” The Malthouse compromise was seen by some Leavers as a complement to the Graham Brady amendment: in short, it was intended to replace the backstop with another that would either allow a smooth transition to an agreement or create a triple safety net if there was no agreement. EU negotiators said the plan was unrealistic and that the Conservative party was negotiating with itself, with an EU official even calling it a “bonker.”  On March 13, 2019, the House of Commons voted with a lead of 374-164 the malthouse compromise, which was fresh to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes.
This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. 120.The Secretary of State for Leaving the EU, Rt Hon Stephen Barclay MP, informed us in October 2019 that the “indeterminate nature” of the 2018 Withdrawal Agreement Protocol (the “backstop”) was The “central concern” of Parliament117, despite references in the previous protocol to its temporary nature if the UK and the EU act in good faith. the UK and the EU act in good faith. “There simply could not have been an agreement on future relations,” there would have been no possibility of withdrawing from it.