The following list briefly describes important international agreements and declarations and links to them that guide UNFPA`s work. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is an international bill for women. The General Assembly adopted the Convention in December 1979. The treaty came into force on September 3, 1981. Since December 1998, 163 countries — more than two-thirds of UN members — have been parties to the convention and four others are signatories to the treaty. Treaties and other international agreements are written agreements between sovereign states (or between states and international organizations) that are governed by international law. The United States concludes more than 200 treaties and other international agreements each year. A review of progress since the 1999 Cairo Conference (CIPD – 5) included reports on national implementation efforts, global expert meetings and an international forum organized by UNFPA in The Hague. It culminated in a special session of the UN General Assembly that outlined key steps to continue the implementation of the International Conference on Population and Development Action Programme and established new criteria for measuring progress towards the ICPD`s objectives. The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action were adopted by representatives of 189 countries at the Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW) in September 1995. The platform reflects a new international commitment to the goals of gender equality, development and peace for all women.
It builds on the commitments made during the United Nations Decade for Women from 1976 to 1985 and on commitments made in the United Nations World Conference Cycle in the 1990s. The IHR (2005) is an international agreement between 194 States Parties and the World Health Organization on surveillance, sunshine and response to all events that could pose a threat to international public health. The objective of the IHR (2005) is to prevent, protect, control and respond to a public health response to the spread of diseases internationally, in a manner adapted to public health risks, limited to them, avoiding unnecessary intervention in international transport and trade. (International Health Regulations, Article 2). For more information, please see THE LA fact sheets. The treaties cover all international relations: peace, trade, defence, territorial borders, human rights, law enforcement, environmental issues and many others. Over time, contracts also change. In 1796, the United States entered into a treaty with Tripoli to protect American citizens from kidnapping and ransom of pirates in the Mediterranean. In 2001, the United States approved a treaty on cybercrime.
The Vienna Convention on Treaty Law (.pdf) defines a treaty as “an international agreement concluded in writing between states and governed by international law, whether it appears in a single act or in two or more related acts, regardless of its particular name.” Office of Treaty Affairs (L/T): The Office of the Assistant Contract Counsel of the Office of legal counsel provides guidance on all aspects of U.S. and international contract law and international contract practice. It manages the process by which the State Department authorizes the negotiation and conclusion of all international agreements to which the United States must agree. He also voted with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on matters relating to the Senate Council and approval of treaty ratification.