The conditional covenant means that the covenant could be broken if the people do not respect the divine will; but even the conditional formulations of the covenant, such as deuteronomy 28-30, assume that the covenant will be restored if Israel repents. Both understandings refer to the same alliance between Yhwh and Israel, but individual texts represent this alliance from different angles. This Alliance method emphasizes that the emphasis is on rewarding loyalty and good deeds that have already been done. Weinfeld supports his characterization of a treaty by identifying the parallels revealed by the covenant between the Lord and Israel. In the same way, he uses the Abrahamic and Davidian Alliances to reveal his correspondence with a royal scholarship. Despite the many theories that turn alliances in the old Middle East, Weinfeld watches over his readers that the covenants revealed in the Old Testament fall under one of the two plausible types he has identified, either a mandatory type or a change of sola. The Mosaic Alliance or the Mosellan Law, which Christians, unlike the New Covenant, generally call “the Old Covenant,” played an important role in the organization of Christianity. It was the source of serious quarrels and quarrels that could be seen in Jesus` controversy over the law during his sermon on the mountain, the controversy of circumcision in early Christianity and the antiochian incident, which led the scholar to challenge the relationship between Paul of Tarsus and Judaism. The Book of Acts of the Apostles says that Stephen, the first Christian martyr, was killed after the Ascension of Jesus while he was accused of opposing the temple of Jerusalem and the Mosaic Law.  Later, the Council of Jerusalem dealt in Acts 15:1-21 with the controversy of circumcision in Primitian Christianity. The new covenant contract (or “new will”) was guaranteed by the death of Jesus on the cross on Golgotha. This agreement replaced the first covenant, when Jesus “paid” the price of men`s sin by offering his own life as a perfect sacrifice. Under the new covenant, Christ did not take as an offering the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a burnt coloration (see figures 19:1-10 – 17-19).
Instead, he offered his own body and blood to ensure the forgiveness of all believers. The period between 586 and 539 B.C.E., when rulers and elites were exiled from Judea to Babylon. The exile ended when Kyrus of Persia defeated Babylon and allowed the Judeans to return home. This article deals with the covenant between God and the Jewish people; A red thread that runs through the first parts of the Bible and is one of the vital pillars of Judaism. The concept of a union began long before the biblical era, especially the beginnings of Israel. After George E. Mendenhall, alliances were originally created as legal customs and then imitated in the field of religion. These covenants were made on the basis of an oath, a promise between two parties and a subsequent fulfillment. Participation in an oath implies that the most powerful party would ensure that the other party would receive an appropriate sanction if it was insolvent.
In the case of religion, the gods would carry out the punishment. Such covenants have ensured that either blessings or curses are avoided in response to circumstances. The original covenant between God and Abraham follows the form of Theuzerain`s covenant; What is important is that Israel has no duty to stand; Confederation is not subject to conditions. Future alliances between Israel and God would be conditional.