Stresa Agreement 1935

Posted by on December 18, 2020

The Stresa Front was triggered by Germany`s intention to build an air force, expand the army to 36 divisions (500,000 men) and introduce compulsory military service in March 1935. All these acts were direct violations of the Treaty of Versailler, which limited the size of the federal military army to 100,000 men and Germany prohibiting the summons and the air force. Mussolini had long ambitions to control Abyssinia and was furious at signing the Anglo-German naval agreement without being informed. [6] Mussolini had abstained in his invasion plans to avoid alienation from his allies, especially since Ethiopia borders French Somaliland and British Somaliland. He felt betrayed by Britain and therefore decided that there was no reason to oppose the invasion. He also believed that the agreement violated Stresa`s forehead. a conference from 11 to 14 April 1935 in Stresa, Italy, to discuss violations of the Treaty of Versaille by Germany in 1919. The countries represented were Great Britain (R. MacDonald, Prime Minister, and J. Simon, Minister of Foreign Affairs), France (P. Flandin, Prime Minister, P. Laval, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and A. Léger, Secretary General of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs), and Italy (B.

Mussolini, F. Suvich, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and P. Aloisi, Chief of Staff). The Stresa Front began to collapse after the United Kingdom signed the Anglo-German naval agreement in June 1935, in which Germany obtained permission to increase the size of its navy. It completely collapsed within two or three months of the initial agreement, shortly after the Italian invasion of Abyssinia. [2] However, British politicians did not want to attack or occupy Germany, preferring to make agreements with it to maintain peace in Central Europe. Anti-war sentiment was also very strong in British public opinion. In February 1935, a summit between French Prime Minister Pierre Laval and British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald in London resulted in an Anglo-French communiqué proposing discussions with the Germans on arms control, an air part and security pacts for Eastern Europe and the nations bordering the Danube. [4] Shortly after Stresa, June 18, 1935,…

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